Anatomy of the Individual module (CA42004)

Explore the wide range of anatomical variations found in human populations

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Module code


This module explores the wide range of structural variations found in human populations. How the variations form and their potential effects are also discussed. You will use our clinical-grade ultrasound machines during your practical classes.

What you will learn

In this module, you will:

  • learn about some of the variations found in the structures of the thorax, abdomen, limbs, head, and neck
  • learn about the surface anatomy of structures and how this varies between individuals
  • learn how some developmental processes can lead to variations in anatomy
  • learn how changes in anatomical structures can affect function and surgical treatment

By the end of this module, you will be able to:

  • discuss a range of adult human anatomical variations
  • understand the embryological basis of certain variants
  • relate structural changes to clinical consequences in diagnosis and treatment
  • identify major surface anatomy landmarks
  • relate surface landmarks to underlying structures

Assignments / assessment

  • essay (25%)
  • poster (15%)
  • in-person exam (60%)

Teaching methods / timetable

  • online lecture material
    • available before practical sessions to allow for preparation
  • in-person practical surface anatomy sessions
  • in-person prosection-based anatomy sessions
    • include the use of prosected human material and ultrasound machines


This module is available on following courses: