• For Entry: January | September
  • Duration: 12 months
  • School: Social Sciences
  • Study Mode: Full Time

For lawyers and non-lawyers: gain an understanding of the legal and regulatory environment and processes in the international energy and resources industries.

TEF Gold - Teaching Excellence Framework
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The world's long-term economic development depends on the existence of efficient, innovative and creative energy and resources industries. These in turn rely on individuals who possess a sound grasp of their legal, economic, technical and policy backgrounds.

The Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy at the University of Dundee is at the heart of these issues and provides the best in advanced education in its field, preparing its graduates to meet the challenges posed by the evolving global economy. Throughout its history, the centre has achieved continuous growth and has established international pre-eminence in its core activities: scholarly performance, high level academic research, strategic consultancy and top-quality executive education. Currently, we have over 500 registered postgraduate students from more than 50 countries world-wide.

This provides a rigorous training for graduate students and working professionals. Full-time and distance-learning degrees, intensive training programmes tailor-made for individuals or companies and short-term professional seminars are all on offer.

We will teach you the practical and professional skills you need to mastermind complex commercial and financial transactions in the international workplace, and we will expose you to many varied and exciting opportunities. 


Energy Law and Policy

Helping you meet the challenges of tomorrow

Our interdisciplinary approach to teaching, research and consultancy provides a unique perspective on how governments, business and communities operate, providing the professionals of today with the ability to meet the challenges of tomorrow.

I chose to study at the CEPMLP because of its global reputation. It is an intellectually stimulating environment with innovative pedagogical teaching and research. CEPMLP is unarguably a place to widen one's knowledge horizon and hone your expertise.

Living as an international student in Dundee has been a great experience for me. Dundee is such a wonderful friendly environment in which one would wish to be. University of Dundee of course is truly a global community of communities of people from across different continents in the world. What a safe and friendly community!

Cosmos Nwedu

Teaching Excellence Framework (TEF)

The University of Dundee has been given a Gold award – the highest possible rating – in the 2017 Teaching Excellence Framework (TEF).

Read more about the Teaching Excellence Framework

TEF Gold - Teaching Excellence Framework

How you will be taught

Knowledge and Understanding:

  • of the main types of international (global and regional) and national regulatory frameworks and instruments between and within individual states, as well as between companies and governments, and contractual arrangements between companies in the international energy and natural resources sectors.
  • of the key policy issues relating to law, regulation and contracts in the international energy and natural resources sectors.
  • of the jurisprudence of courts, and operation of tribunals and other dispute settlement mechanisms.


  • Undertake an evaluation of legal (or fiscal) regimes for the international energy and natural resources sectors.
  • Participate in the drafting of international agreements and national regulations or in the negotiation of an agreement between government and company or between companies, in the international energy and natural resources sectors.
  • Critically review information and critically analyse issues relating to the international energy and natural resources sectors, informed by developments at the forefront of the subject.

How you will be assessed

The LLM is made up of compulsory and elective modules. The taught component is followed by either:

  • a dissertation of up to 15,000 words on a topic approved by an academic supervisor, or
  • an Internship report - students who choose this option are required to source an organisation willing to offer a 3-month work placement, approved by an academic supervisor

What you will study

Our LLM is made up of a total of 180 credits

Core Modules

The following modules must be completed (40 Credits)



Downstream energy law and policy is concerned with the structure and regulation of gas and electricity markets. With the advent of liberalisation, most gas and electricity markets have become semi-competitive. There are regulatory structures to control entry to the market. There are rules on how the producers / generators interact with the suppliers – either bilateral markets or pools. There are rules for producers / generators which get special treatment – frequently state-owned companies and renewable generators. There are measures to control security of supply. There are measures dealing with pass through of costs – and attempts to ensure that the consumer price does not reach unacceptable levels.

The course looks at regulatory structures – the role of government; the role of the independent regulator; the role of the market operator and the transmission system operator. The course looks at the options for structuring liberalised and semi-competitive markets. It looks at measures to reduce investment risks for additional capacity. It recognises that the position of capacity short markets is different from that of markets with capacity excess – even if in the long term, both ultimately want the same thing…cheap and reliable delivery of the commodity.

Module leader

Stephen Dow

Credits: 20


Project financing is a tool, not an outcome in itself. This course recognises that energy projects are frequently financed by lenders. Where the lenders are content to accept repayment solely from the revenues of that project – not from the wider revenues of the sponsor – there is a limitation of recourse (or at the extreme an absence of recourse). That is project financing. The course looks at how various types of energy project can be structured to achieve that goal. The bank is not an equity risk taker – its business is to take credit risks. Project finance will force the bank to take a degree of project risk, so the bank will demand a contractual structure which mitigates that risk exposure. The course is concerned with understanding the risks for various energy projects – oil development; gas development; power generators; mining projects etc – and seeing how the principle risks inherent in those projects are moved by contract to the party best able to bear the risk. The course understands that where the bank is happy with the project risk profile, it will lend. If the bank is not happy with the project risk profile, it will not lend. The course looks at the risks which can be moved and how are they moved to a party acceptable to the lender – whilst at the same time ensuring that the holder of that risk is happy with the level of payment for taking that risk.

Module leader

Stephen Dow

Core Specialist

A minimum of 40 credits from



The main objective of the course is to provide an introduction to the fundamental concepts and specific legal and jurisdictional issues in the field of international and transboundary natural resources.

The emphasis is on ensuring a proper understanding of the existing legal mechanisms and international regimes applicable to various types of natural resources located beyond States’ jurisdiction or control.

Module leader

Dr Sergei Vinogradov

Credits: 20


Module aims:

  • to develop an understanding of renewable energy resources and the numerous technologies that converts it into useful forms
  • to develop an understanding of the economic issues of renewable energy research, development and deployment at both private and commercial scale
  • to develop an understanding of government and industry policies to encourage the deployment of renewable energy production and use

Module leader

Dr Ariel Bergmann



The Transatlantic Negotiation Exercise will be carried out between the Masters students at the CEPMLP and the post-graduate students at the Washington College of Law of the American University, International Legal Studies Programme.

The main aim of this module is to provide a formal forum in which using tried and tested methods of international negotiations, in a detailed form, the participants can gain or improve their negotiating skills.

Module leader

Mrs Janeth Warden-Fernandez

Credits: 20


This course has two aims:

  • to develop a solid understanding of the applicability, and application, of multiple sets of legal norms (domestic/international, public/private) to the extractive industries
  • to develop skills for addressing key legal issues facing the extractive industries in the various stages of contracting and investing and the manner in which problems and options can be analysed and addressed

Module leader

Professor Pieter Bekker

Corporate Governance


This module aims to to provide students with a knowledge and critica lappreciation o faspects of corporate governance.

Examples of content

  • A range of topical issues which might include:
  • Distribution of power within companies and governance mechanisms
  • Voluntary Codes, comply or explain and the place of information
  • Shareholders and the Stewardship Code
  • Risk, auditors and internal control
  • Board effectiveness and culture

SCQF credits


 Module Reading List

Competition Law


This module provides an advanced understanding of modern competition law with primary focus on the law and policy of the EU and UK. It covers the main areas of competition law that students would be most likely to encounter in practice, enforcement, or further legal research.

Examples of content

This module focuses on cartels and restrictive agreements; abuse of a dominant position;and the review of mergers and acquisitions under competition law:

  • introduction to competition law and policy
  • the law relating to horizontal restrictive agreements
  • the law relating to vertical restrictive agreements
  • introduction to competition law and practice relating to abuse of a dominant position
  • merger clearance law

SCQF credits

20 credits

Compulsory Choice Modules

40 credits from

Credits: 40


The dissertation contributes to the achievement of the aims of the Masters degree namely:- to promote a deeper and critical understanding of selected areas relating to the specialisation of the student; to develop originality of thought and skills of research, analysis, argumentation and expression; to build upon, develop and integrate the knowledge and skills acquired in the taught modules.

A dissertation of up to 15,000 words on a topic approved by an academic supervisor.

Credits: 40


The dissertation contributes to the achievement of the aims of the Masters degree namely:- to promote a deeper and critical understanding of selected areas relating to the specialisation of the student; to develop originality of thought and skills of research, analysis, argumentation and expression; to build upon, develop and integrate the knowledge and skills acquired in the taught modules.

A dissertation of up to 15,000 words on a topic approved by an academic supervisor.

Elective Modules

Sufficient modules from the academic timetable to bring the total number of credits to 180.

In common with other CEPMLP LLM degrees, any approved module can be included in the elective modules.

What sort of jobs do alumni of CEPMLP go on to do?

The answer is a wide range of varied roles. It is important to be aware that as with any job it depends upon your level of experience and skills set as to whether the role would be suitable for you, there is no one size fits all.


Energy Law and Policy

CEPMLP graduates are highly employable

Past alumni have found employment with a variety of organisations including National Oil Companies, Exploration and Production Companies, Government and Ministries and Commercial Organisations including Banks, Law Firms and Global Consultancies.

I chose distance learning with CEPMLP because it provides the right balance of applied academic and industry perspectives, which is essential in today’s market place. I’ve held a number senior positions in the energy industry for over 10 years. Keeping pace in today’s business world of energy economics and policy, requires a problem solving mind-set. The advanced learning I’ve received from my CEPMLP course provides real-world application from the outset. This sets my course apart from others I’ve investigated thoroughly. Taking this LLM, I needed to be confident that it would influence my work place and not be purely an academic exercise, although academic credibility is essential.

The course is challenging but the modular format means it’s possible to be realistic about fitting it around work and family life. Best of all, I’m already applying my knowledge to better inform colleagues and clients, and bring a fresh perspective. It just proves it’s not impossible to be over educated!

Steve Freeman

For many of us coming from Africa to study, one would realise that the extractive industry is particularly becoming critical to our economies back home. I can immediately refer to Ghana’s growing influence in the oil and gas industry, having begun commercial production of its oil in 2010.

The knowledge offered at CEPMLP is extremely valuable and prepares us adequately to take up challenging roles within the entire energy industry, given the multi-disciplinary nature of teaching and learning at this globally recognised graduate centre. The teaching faculty are a group of dynamic people who command huge heights within the energy industry and offer the most edge-cutting perspective to the issues and trends of the global energy world. You can trust that even if you don’t leave here top of your class, you leave with your intellectual curiosity highly satisfied and at best; highly provoked to do further research on areas that interest you.

Dundee offers you a standard of living you won’t find elsewhere in the UK. It’s a great way to find yourself connected to the beautiful old Scottish way of life. Scotland is fast becoming a place after my heart.

Joseph Nii Tettey Ashong

You should have the equivalent to a UK Honours degree, preferably at 2:1 level or above. Candidates with a 2:2 degree may also apply. Preferred degree disciplines are Law, Economics, Geology, Petroleum or Mining Engineering, Finance.

Work experience in the energy/natural resources industry is an advantage, though it is not a strict requirement for admission to the MSc.

 EU and International qualifications

English Language Requirement

IELTS Overall 6.5
Listening 6.0
Reading 6.0
Writing 6.0
Speaking 6.0

 Equivalent grades from other test providers


English Language Programmes

We offer Pre-Sessional and Foundation Programme(s) throughout the year. These are designed to prepare you for university study in the UK when you have not yet met the language requirements for direct entry onto a degree programme.

 Discover our English Language Programmes

The fees you pay will depend on your fee status. Your fee status is determined by us using the information you provide on your application.

 Find out more about fee status

Fee statusFees for students starting academic year 2019-20
Scottish and EU students £10,950 per year of study
See our scholarships for UK/EU applicants
Rest of UK students £10,950 per year of study
See our scholarships for UK/EU applicants
Overseas students (non-EU) £17,950 per year of study
See our scholarships for International applicants

Additional costs

You may incur additional costs in the course of your education at the University over and above tuition fees in an academic year.

Examples of additional costs:

One off costOngoing costIncidental cost
Graduation feeStudio feeField trips

*these are examples only and are not exhaustive.

Additional costs:

  • may be mandatory or optional expenses
  • may be one off, ongoing or incidental charges and certain costs may be payable annually for each year of your programme of study
  • vary depending on your programme of study
  • are payable by you and are non-refundable and non-transferable

Unfortunately, failure to pay additional costs may result in limitations on your student experience.

For additional costs specific to your course please speak to our Enquiry Team.

You apply for this course through our Direct Application System, which is free of charge. You can find out more information about making your application when you click Apply Now below

  Degree Course code
Apply nowInternational Energy Law and Policy LLMP024443

Course Contact

Mr Stephen Dow
Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy
+44 (0)1382 384818

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