The LLM Comparative and European Private International Law enables you to develop specialised legal expertise on the treatment of cross-border disputes in Europe.
The LLM in Comparative & European Private International Law offers you tuition on conflicts of jurisdiction and laws in two countries by renowned specialists. When you graduate, you will have the knowledge and skills you need to work in the domain of cross border disputes. You can specialise in commercial or family law aspects of private international law.
Who should study this course?
This course is designed for graduates in Law. However, the LLM can be taken if you have already studied private international law at undergraduate level as well as by those who are new to the subject. If you are new to the subject, you will be given additional instruction.
Dundee Law School
Dundee Law School is widely recognised as an excellent place to study. We have been ranked as the top Law School in Scotland (Guardian University Guide 2019) and in the top 10 in the UK (Times and Sunday Times Complete University Guides, 2019). This builds on particularly strong results in the National Student Survey, which has repeatedly ranked Dundee as first in Scotland. Over the last two national reviews of research, Dundee is the only institution in the UK to have had all of its submissions rated as “internationally excellent” or “world-leading”.
Our commitment is to provide high-quality instruction, with a focus on practical relevance, to prepare you for a successful career, at home or abroad. We offer an induction programme at the start of each semester, to ensure that you have the necessary understanding of the UK and European legal systems and of what is required of you in a study environment seeking to develop independent learning
We seek to integrate you into the life of the School, with invitations to guest lectures and seminars. We also have an annual reading party in a beautiful country house, where you are joined by staff to work on academic skills and relax with fellow students.
Teaching Excellence Framework (TEF)
The University of Dundee has been given a Gold award – the highest possible rating – in the 2017 Teaching Excellence Framework (TEF).
How you will be taught
You will be taught through a mix of lectures, seminar discussions and tutorials. A core aspect of the programme is the different learning experience to be expected in the French and Scottish components. You are given detailed reading lists introducing you to topics and proposing questions to consider during you preparation with a view to promoting critical thinking through interactive class discussions and reliance on the Socratic method.
How you will be assessed
You will be assessed through a combination of exams and essays. The courses taught by Law share a common pattern; those in the autumn semester are assessed by exam and those in the second semester by essays. In each case you will be given a chance to practice this style of assessment and given feedback on your performance before the formal assessment.
This pattern ensures that you gain experience of different styles of assessment, testing both breadth and depth of knowledge and developing writing skills in advance of tackling the Dissertation. The Dissertation is assessed wholly on the basis of the final text that is submitted and Legal Research Skills by a combination of a short essay and a presentation.
What you will study
You will take three modules in each semester, plus Legal Research Skills (taught in two blocks at the start of each semester) and will present a Dissertation (written over the summer).
Not every module will be available in every year, depending on staff availability and student demand.
- to promote a deeper and critical understanding of selected areas of law
- to develop originality of thought and skills of research, analysis, argumentation and expression
- to build upon and develop the knowledge and skills acquired in the taught masters modules through an extended piece of independent work
Example of content
Independent research on an area of law agreed and supervised by a member of staff.
Legal Research Skills
The aim of this module is to introduce you to the key elements of legal research and writing, supporting the acquisition of the (transferable) skills necessary to succeed in the LLM and beyond and in particular providing a sound basis for progress to the dissertation element of the Masters degree.
Examples of content
- legal research
- reading critically
- writing critically
- writing techniques
- research methods
- research ethics
- presentation skills
- approaching a dissertation
Private International Law of Business Transaction
This module aims to provide students with advanced instruction in several key aspects of private international law that are of particular relevance to business transactions in an international context.
Examples of content
The syllabus will evolve in line with new legislative developments. The module may comprise thefollowing elements:
- resolving international commercial disputes, comparing and contrasting litigation, arbitration & ADR
- jurisdiction in contractual matters
- prorogation of jurisdiction (Brussels & Hague)
- inter-relationship of Brussels Ia and Arbitration
- choice of law in contract (Brussels & Hague)
Private International Law (Common Law Perspectives)
The aim of this module is to provide advanced instruction in several key aspects of private international and procedural law that are of particular relevance to civil and commercial litigation in a European and International context.
Examples of content
- Principles of Jurisdiction –a comparison between English and US traditional rules
- Principles of Jurisdiction –the doctrine of Forum Non Conveniens in the UK, US & Australia
- Principles of Jurisdiction –the role of the anti-suit injunction in the UK and the US
- Common Law Jurisdiction vs CivilianPrinciples of Jurisdiction
- The Hague Conference Judgments Project
Optional modules (as approved by Adviser of Studies)
The main objective of the module is to provide an understanding of the main law and policy issues in the international petroleum industry, with an emphasis upon transactional agreements concluded between host government and oil company/investors.
Common and diverging objectives between the two parties and indeed among the international corporate and financial investors themselves are faced in a candid and practical way, with an emphasis upon ways of accommodating the interests of diverse stakeholders in the development of petroleum resources.
A brief introduction is provided to petroleum taxation issues. The module focuses upon problem-solving techniques in a variety of settings, noting the inputs of lawyers, economists, accountants, engineers and geologists.
Module leaderProfessor Peter Cameron
Project financing is a tool, not an outcome in itself. This course recognises that energy projects are frequently financed by lenders. Where the lenders are content to accept repayment solely from the revenues of that project – not from the wider revenues of the sponsor – there is a limitation of recourse (or at the extreme an absence of recourse). That is project financing. The course looks at how various types of energy project can be structured to achieve that goal. The bank is not an equity risk taker – its business is to take credit risks. Project finance will force the bank to take a degree of project risk, so the bank will demand a contractual structure which mitigates that risk exposure. The course is concerned with understanding the risks for various energy projects – oil development; gas development; power generators; mining projects etc – and seeing how the principle risks inherent in those projects are moved by contract to the party best able to bear the risk. The course understands that where the bank is happy with the project risk profile, it will lend. If the bank is not happy with the project risk profile, it will not lend. The course looks at the risks which can be moved and how are they moved to a party acceptable to the lender – whilst at the same time ensuring that the holder of that risk is happy with the level of payment for taking that risk.
To enable students to understand the evolving complex practical issues of international arbitration, in the context of both investment relationships between states and foreign investors as well as those between parties to normal commercial contracts, faced by lawyers as counsel to the parties and as arbitrators and to equip them with the necessary skills on how to handle such issues.
This course has two aims:
- to develop a solid understanding of the applicability, and application, of multiple sets of legal norms (domestic/international, public/private) to the extractive industries
- to develop skills for addressing key legal issues facing the extractive industries in the various stages of contracting and investing and the manner in which problems and options can be analysed and addressed
Banking Law and Financial Markets
To examine the regulation of financial services and markets in&n a global context, with particular reference to the financial crisis and its aftermath.
Examples of content
The syllabus will evolve in line with new developments. It is envisaged that the module may comprise the following elements:
- introduction to banking and financial services regulation and the context in which the industry operates, including its recent history.
- main features of the regulation of financial services at the UK and EU level.
- substantive law relating to financial services (I): Contract and tort.
- substantive law relating to financial services (II): Property and crime.
- the interaction of financial services regulation and competition policy.
This module provides an advanced understanding of modern competition law with primary focus on the law and policy of the EU and UK. It covers the main areas of competition law that students would be most likely to encounter in practice, enforcement, or further legal research.
Examples of content
This module focuses on cartels and restrictive agreements; abuse of a dominant position;and the review of mergers and acquisitions under competition law:
- introduction to competition law and policy
- the law relating to horizontal restrictive agreements
- the law relating to vertical restrictive agreements
- introduction to competition law and practice relating to abuse of a dominant position
- merger clearance law
Principles of E-Commerce Law
This module aimsto provide an introduction to and overview of the main concepts and legalissues associated with the law relating to E-Commerce and e-commercetransactions in the United Kingdom.
Examples of content
- Intellectual Property in the Electronic Environment
- Governance and Regulation of Electronic activity
- Electronic Contracts
- Consumer Related Issues
- Enforcement and Conflict of law issues
Intellectual Property Law
This module aims to provide students with a knowledge and understanding of key concepts in intellectual property law from a UK perspective as affected by European and international influences and a critical appreciation of the key social and economic issues and influences associated with the topics.
Examples of content
- A range of topical issues which might include
- Design rights
- The digital environment
- Intellectual Property in the European Union
International Taxation Law
To examine critically the law relating to taxation in an international context. The module will look at jurisdiction to tax individuals and businesses, the causes of double taxation and ways in which domestic systems seek to deal with double taxation where activities attracting taxation are carried out over more than one country –namely through double taxation treaties. The module will look at how different countries seek to protect their tax base against tax avoidance.
Examples of content
- jurisdiction to tax –corporate residence
- permanent establishment
- taxation of business profits
- double tax treaties –interpretation
- international tax avoidance
- BEPS and countering international tax avoidance
Graduates of this LLM are pursuing careers in a wide variety of sectors including legal practice, banking, international organisations, State ministries or academia.
What our students say...
“Firstly, I completed a dual degree in partnership between the Universite? Paris-Est Cre?teil and Sheffield Hallam Universite? (LLB Mai?trise en droit franco-anglais). After having had the opportunity to acquire knowledge of both civil and common law systems, I hesitated between doing a Graduate programme (Master 2) in France and applying for an LLM in the UK. The Joint Toulouse programme was the best option since it combined both programmes in one consistently organized academic year.
The Joint Dundee- Toulouse programme was a great opportunity to really experience comparative law research thanks to the variety and availability of the academic staff. In addition, the possibility to conduct research in two different legal systems was a great way to familiarize myself with a wide range of national and international databases. Furthermore, this graduate programme considerably helped me to improve my English academic writing.
After I submitted my LLM dissertation, I decided I wanted to write a PhD on EU Family law. One month later, I got hired as a research fellow at the Max Planck Luxembourg for International, European and Regulatory Procedural Law. Thanks to the Joint Dundee-Toulouse programme, I had the ability to show that I had a good knowledge of comparative law, a good command of academic English and the skills to conduct research autonomously.”Celine Camara, 2012 Graduate, Doctoral candidate (Unilix), and Researcher Max Planck Institute, Luxembourg
Applicants must have, or expect to receive in the anticipated year of entry, a good honours degree in law. Exceptionally, non-law graduates with relevant legal experience may be considered. If you are concerned that your qualifications do not meet our normal expectation then please contact us.
English Language Requirement
English Language Programmes
We offer Pre-Sessional and Foundation Programme(s) throughout the year. These are designed to prepare you for university study in the UK when you have not yet met the language requirements for direct entry onto a degree programme.
The fees you pay will depend on your fee status. Your fee status is determined by us using the information you provide on your application.
|Fee status||Fees for students starting 2019-20|
|Scottish and EU students||£7,300 per year of study|
|Rest of UK students||£7,300 per year of study|
|International students (non-EU)||£17,275 per year of study|
|Fee status||Fees for students starting 2020-21|
|Scottish and EU students||£7,650 per year of study|
|Rest of UK students||£7,650 per year of study|
|International students (non-EU)||£18,150 per year of study
See our scholarships for International applicants
Tuition fees for Overseas (non-EU) students will increase by no more than 5% per year for the length of your course.
You may incur additional costs in the course of your education at the University over and above tuition fees in an academic year.
Examples of additional costs:
|One off cost||Ongoing cost||Incidental cost|
|Graduation fee||Studio fee||Field trips|
*these are examples only and are not exhaustive.
- may be mandatory or optional expenses
- may be one off, ongoing or incidental charges and certain costs may be payable annually for each year of your programme of study
- vary depending on your programme of study
- are payable by you and are non-refundable and non-transferable
Unfortunately, failure to pay additional costs may result in limitations on your student experience.
For additional costs specific to your course please speak to our Enquiry Team.
You apply for this course through our Direct Application System, which is free of charge. You can find out more information about making your application when you click Apply Now below
|Apply now||Comparative & European Private International Law LLM||P060935|
Ms Aude Fiorini
Dundee Law School
+44 (0) 1382 384601