Andreas Melzer

+44 (0)1382 388355
Director of IMSaT


Andreas Melzer completed his research and work in Germany at the University of Applied Sciences, Gelsenkirchen where he built up the first integrated teaching OR with MRI, CT and minimally invasive surgery workplace and completed a project on MRI guided heart valve implantation as visiting Professor at the National Institute of Heart Blood and Lung disease NIH, Bethesda Virginia.

Professor Melzer accepted the position as Founding Director of IMSaT in 2005, and began building up IMSaT collaborations in early 2006. As consultant to the University he conceptualized the IMSaT structure for commercialisation, and developed the layout for Wilson House and for the imaging research in the Clinical Research Centre at Ninewells Hospital, with the world’s first combination of a 3T MRI system, PET/CT and a surgical suite. He also assisted in preparing successful grant bids to the Wellcome Trust for the CRC and to the SFC for research pooling in the Northern Research Partnership in Engineering and Related Disciplines, in which he is Director of the Joint Research Institute in Medical Technologies (

IMSaT houses GE’s first European Centre of Excellence for MRI guided Interventions and Surgery including 1.5 Tesla MRI suite, and X-Ray arm. Fully equipped for interventional surgical research including the latest Focused Ultrasound system ExAblate (Insightec Ltd, Israel) with body and confomal system, and MR compatible Robotic Arm for percutaneous interventions Innomotion (Innomedic GmbH, Germany).

The current IMSaT strategy developed by Professor Melzer is focused on a synergistic program of translational research of basic science in imaging-related physics and engineering towards novel biomedical and clinical applications. In the field of photonics, ultrasound, surgical and interventional technologies IMSaT continuously develops excellence in science and research for high impact factor journal publications and aims to achieve an improved translation from “bench to bedside”.

Professor Melzer has more than 20 years experiences in the development of medical technology for laparo-endoscopic surgery, interventional radiology, interventional & intraoperative MRI and image guided robotics, surgical instrumentation, surgical robotics and Nitinol devices with more than 60 patents; over 200 publications; and more than 500 oral and poster presentations. He has served as co-editor of three medical journals, Co-founder and partner of six start-up companies in the medical technology business and consultant for major vendors in medicine. He serves as organizer and chairman of various medical conferences and is a Board member of six medical and technical societies. Professor Melzer is regularly invited to speak at international meetings and has been involved in the organisation of a number of major international conferences.


Professor Melzer has co-ordinated and established a biophotonics laboratory, supported by IAPP Nanoporation, with the Nanobiotechnology lab also partly supported by an equipment grant from the Mathew Trust and partly by EU funding. The establishment of an interventional MRI plus surgical suite and the above mentioned laboratories were supported by further ERDF grants totalling £6m which allowed Professor Melzer to establish a pre-clinical multimodality imaging research centre including photonics and pre-clinical MRI intervention unit for ultrasound contribution. A further component of funding was the MRI-guided focused ultrasound system Exablate as well as the establishment of Thiel soft embalmed pre-clincial research which is currently one of the major research initiatives at IMSaT. The unique model of Thiel soft embalmed cadavers provides additional pre-clinical research and testing opportunities for medical technology particularly in the human anatomy ultrasound MRI and x-ray and in addition the correct anatomy of a human body.

Through the IAPP industrial academia partnership Marie Curie programme, he was awarded €2.5m in collaboration with InSightec and CapsuTech for the development of MRI-guided focused ultrasound-mediated targeted drug delivery. The initial training network Marie Curie programme’s total budget of €3.8m was awarded in 2009 and was ranked in the ten best proposals out of more than 2000 applications. The initial training network started in October 2009 and established the interventional MRI and image guided procedure development research at IMSaT. I co-ordinate collaboration across 10 centres throughout Europe with a total of 13 PhDs, 6 postdocs and 4 visiting experienced researchers.

The Thiel-embalmed cadaver programme is now supported by further grants - MRC DPFS and EU funding to assist in the development work of refunctionalisation of the cadavers to establish respiratory motion of organs and pulsatile flow in arterial and venus segments and organs. This project integrates well with the IIIOS training network. A further programme of work established in April 2011 on numerical modelling and simulation of moving organs for MRI- guided focused ultrasound is well integrated with the Nanoporation IAPP programme with a recent additional large integrational project ViaBBB (via the blood brain barrier) submitted to give a total budget of £15m Euros, led by ShebaMedical Centre Tel Aviv, Israel.

Group members

  • Dr. Benjamin F Cox
  • Miss Mahsa Fatahi
  • Ms. Fabiola Fernández-Gutiérrez
  • Dr. Mariana J Gueorguieva
  • Martin A Rube Dipl. Ing (FH)
  • Dr. Zhigang Wang
  • Katrin Skerl
  • Dr. Senay Mihcin

Lectures and conferences

“Multimodality image guided diagnosis, therapy and non Invasive Surgery”. 3rd Hamlyn Symposium on Medical Robotics, Imperial College, London (2011)

“MR guided Focused Ultrasound and Intraoperative MRI”. Symposium of Minimally Invasive Neuro Surgery Beijing (2011)

“Integration of Imaging: MR guided Interventions Surgery and Focused Ultrasound”. Key note lecture Chinese Congress of Neurosurgery, Beijing (2011)

“Visualization of Implants in MRI” and “Track chair: Navigation, Robotik und Tracking”, & “Bildverarbeitung, Analyse und Integration”. BMT 2011, 45 DGBMT Jahrestagung/ 3 Lander-Tagung, Freiburg, Germany (2011)

“New Horizons” Lecture and Session chair. 1st European Focussed Ultrasound Symposium, Rome (2011)

“Intraoperative multimodality Imaging CT, US, MR, PET; pros and cons”; “HiFU for non-invasive Image guided Focused Ultrasound Surgery” & “Cutting edge technologies: how far will they bring surgery?”. Chair & Presenter, “Integration of surgical practice, navigation and image guidance”, EAES Congress, Turino, Italy (2011)

“Multimodality image guided Diagnosis, Therapy and non-Invasive Surgery”. 3rd Hamlyn Symposium on Medical Robotics, Imperial College, London, UK (2011)

"Interventional MRI and MR guided Acoustic Surgery". OR 2030, Rambam Hospital, Israel (2011)

“Integration of molecular imaging with interventional and intraoperative Image guidance”. 7th Uppsala Spring Meeting on Molecular Imaging and Therapy, Uppsala, Sweden (2011)

“Intraoperative MRI for Image Guided Surgery”. SAGES 2011, San Antonio, Texas, USA (2011)

“Future Applications of MRgFUS for Targeted Drug Delivery” & “Hospital of the Future: Closed Loop Diagnostics & Surgery. Organiser and Chair, DGMT Fraunhofer Symposium and round table discussion: Future of Medical Technology. 41st DGE-BV, Munich, Germany (2011)

“Technology for Multimodality Image guided Diagnosis and Therapy with MR and FUS”. University of Tel Aviv, Department of Neuro Sciences, Israel (2011)

“Image guided therapy, visions for the future”. The Intervention Centre, Oslo University Hospital and Faculty of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo (2010)

"The future is now: Non Invasive Surgery”. Triple S Symposium, 1st Forum on Single Site Surgery, Rome, Italy (2010)

“MRI Devices for Transcatheter Treatment of Aortic Aneurysms”. Simpozionul de Technologii Avansate in Medicina, Institutul National de Statistica Bucuresti, Romania (2010)

“Track chair Navigation, Robotik und Tracking” & “Bildverarbeitung, Analyse und Integration”. BMT 2010, 44 DGBMT Jahrestagung/3 Lander-Tagung, Rostock-Warnemunde, Germany (2010)

“MRI Safety for MR guided Interventions”. 8th Interventional MRI Symposium, Leipzig, Germany (2010)

“Hybrid Operating Room” & “Technology for MRI Guided Endoscopic Surgery”. (Chair) SMIT 2010, 22nd International Conference, Trondheim, Norway (2010)

“The future OR project in Dundee, including live tour”. Joint SLS-SMIT Session in New York. Via Video conference from Trondheim, Norway (2010)

“Basics of MRI Imaging safety in relation to clinical aspects of interventional techniques”. Safety of Devices and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Guided Interventions and Surgery: SINAPSE Pre-seminar. University of Dundee (2010)

“Technology Meets Endoscopic Surgery: How Far We Can Go? Molecular Imaging” and “Acute Surgical Postoperative Complications: Interventional Radiology” & Image-guided Robotics, Session chair “Big & Small Robots for Present and Future Surgery”. 18th EAES, Geneva, Switzerland (2010)

“MR Safety for Anaesthesia during Image guided Procedures”. European Society for Anaesthesia, Helsinki, Finland (2010)

“Integration of Multi Modality Imaging with guided Drug Therapy” and Chair of Satellite Symposium & “Image mediated Drug Delivery, Accelerating Anticancer Agent Development and Validation”. FDA Workshop, North Bethesda, MD (2010)

“Microsystems Technology for Image guidance”. pHealth 7th International Conference on Wearable Micro and Nano Technologies for Personalised Health, Berlin, Germany (2010)

“Integration of multimodality imaging with interventional and Intraoperative Techniques”. 6th Uppsala Spring Meeting on Molecular Imaging and Therapy, Uppsala, Sweden (2010)

“Challenges for Current & Future Medical Devices”. 9th MEDTEC European Conference & Exhibition, Stuttgart, Germany (2010)

“Model and Imaging Based Personalised Medicine’, Chair. 40th Congress DGE-BV2010, Hannover, Germany (2010)

“Advances for Image-Guided Surgery at Dundee, Scotland: MITOS Multimodality Image-Guided Therapy Operating System”. 3rd Annual Image-Guided Therapy Workshop, Arlington, VA (2010)

“MRI Guided Interventions and Surgery research IMSaT”. GE Health Care Milwaukee, Il, USA (2010)

“Single Port Laparoscopic Surgery” & “Multimodality Image guided Procedures”. CARS, Berlin (2009)

“How to obtain an adequate diagnosis and excision of low rectal cancer: Role of MRI with iron contrast” & “Latest Devices: Organ retraction and manipulation”. Radiology/Imaging/Physiology, Pathophysiology, Immunology, Session Chair and lecture “Integrated Multimodality Image Guided Diagnosis and Treatment of Early Cancer: set up and workflow concept” & “Robotics: The World after Da Vinci: Steering and control systems of the instruments”. EAES Congress Athens, Greece (2009)

“Ultra small iron oxide MRI for N staging in mesorectum”, Minimally Invasive Surgery for Rectal Cancer PG Course II; Presenter & Organising Committee “Stitching & Closing devices” Notes & Safety: The emerging issues; Chair & Presenter Radiology/Imaging/Physiology, Pathophysiology, Immunology “Integrated multimodality image guided diagnosis and treatment of early cancer: Set up and workflow concept”; The World after Da Vinci “Steering and control systems of the instruments”; How to obtain an adequate diagnosis and excision of low rectal cancer “Role of MRI with iron contrast. Technology Symposium; 17th International Congress of the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery, Prague, Czech Republic, (2009)

“Image guided interventional and intraoperative Procedures”. 5th Uppsala Spring Meeting on Molecular Imaging and Therapy, Uppsala, Sweden (2009)

“NOTES Transumbilical Approach”, DGBMT, Fraunhofer Society, “Hospital of the Future: NOTES Technology and Applications Today and Tomorrow” Chair. 39th Congress DGE-BV, Munich, Germany (2009)

“MR Image guided procedures and MRgFUS at IMSaT”. David Geffen School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, UCLA, Los Angeles, USA (2009)

“Technologies for Image guided Interventional Oncology IMSaT” and round table discussion: “Modern Operative Theatre”. ESS Congress, Naples, Italy (2008)

“Multimodale Bidgebung zur frühen Krebsdiagnose und Therapie”. Medica Vision, Düsseldorf, Germany (2008)

“Systems and Devices for Interventional MRI”. Charite, Department of Radiology, Berlin (2008)

“Diagnosis and Treatment of Structural Heart Diseases”. Cordis J&J, West Coast Research at Cordis Nitinol, Newark, CA,USA (2008)

“New Technologies for Image Guided Procedures and IMSaT”. Fraunhofer Institute of Production Technology Stuttgart, Germany (2008)

“Medical Robotics”. Café Science, University of Dundee, Dundee (2008)

“Needle Steering, the Clinical View”. Needle Steering Symposium of MCCIA, New York, USA (2008)

“Diagnosis and Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases”. Cordis J&J, West Coast Research, Newark, CA (2008)

“Integrated multimodality: Image guided Diagnosis and Therapy of Early Cancer, research IMSaT & CRC Dundee”. MD Anderson Cancer Centre, Houston, Texas, USA (2008)

“MRI visualisation of medical devices and vascular implants”. Cardiovascular & Interventional Radiological Society of Europe CIRSE, Copenhagen, Denmark (2008)

“Surgical and Image Guided Robotics”. NRP Medical Robotics workshop, NRP Joint Research Institute for Medical Technology (JRI MedTec) and IMSaT in collaboration with Delft University, Dundee (2008)

“Instruments for NOTES, flexible versus rigid” & “New Techniques for drug delivery”. Postgraduate Course NOTES, EAES Congress, Stockholm (2008)

“Integrated multimodality Image guided Diagnosis and Therapy of Early Cancer at IMSaT”. Stanford University, Department of Radiology, CA, USA (2008)

“Robotics for Image-Guided Diagnostic and Therapy”. ISRACAS, Israel (2008)

“Imaging OR of the future IMSaT” & “Image guided Interventional Oncology”. ISS Technology in Oncological surgery: standard and novel procedures. Naples, Italy (2008)

“MR Image guided robotics and MR active resonant implants IMSaT”. David Geffen School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, UCLA, Los Angeles, USA (2008)

“New Technologies for Image guided Procedures IMSaT”. Invited Lecture, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria (2008)

“Imaging OR of the future IMSaT” and “Image guided Interventional Oncology”. Invited lectures, ISS

Technology in Oncological surgery: standard and novel procedures, Naples, Italy, (2008)

“Needle Steering, the Clinical View”. Invited Lecture, Needle Steering Symposium of MCCIA, New York, USA, (2008)

“New Technologies for Image guided Procedures IMSaT”. Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria, (2007)

“From Diagnostic to Therapeutic Imaging” SMIT, 19th International Conference, Sendai, Japan (2007)

“Integrative Imaging Techniques IMSaT” & “Emerging imaging techniques and image-guided therapies for medicine”. St Andrews, UK (2007)

“Interventional Imaging Techniques IMSaT” &“Innovations in Imaging”, SPIE Europe Meeting, Coventry, UK (2007)

“MRI compatible robotics” and “Integration of Imaging in the OR” CIRSE (2007)

“New technologies for image guided diagnostic and therapy IMSaT”. Institute of Photonics, University of Strathclyde, UK (2007)

“Imaging for NOTES procedures IMSaT”. Invited Lecture, SICE Congress, Italy (2007)

“Interventional and Intraoperative MRI: future research program at IMSaT”. GE Global research Schenectady, NY, USA (2007)

“MR compatibility of Cardiovascular Implants”. GE Health Care Milwaukee, Il, USA (2007)

“Efficient use of imaging modalities in the OR”. Invited Lecture and Chairman, EAES Congress, Athens Greece (2007)

“Integrated imaging interventional OS, including integration of pre-intraoperative imaging and navigation IMSaT”. EAES Congress, Athens, Greece (2007)

“Interventional MRI”. Keynote Lecture, 20th Scottish MRI Seminar, Dundee, UK (2007)

“Imaging in the OR of the Future: the clinical view” and “Image guided Robotics”. 38th Congress DGE-BV, Munich, Germany (2007)

“From Image Guided Therapy to Therapeutic Imaging”. Medical Photonics Workshop, University of St Andrews, UK (2007)

“Interventional MRI”. Keynote Lecture, 20th Scottish MRI Seminar, Dundee, UK. (2007)

“MRI compatible robotics” and “Integration of Imaging in the OR”. Invited lectures, CIRSE, Athens, Greece, (2007)


Teaching and pre-PhD student projects is an important way to contribute to the development of cognate activities in the University and to attract talented students for PhD positions. Particularly significant contributions have therefore been made to the related MScs in Biomedical Engineering, Medical Imaging, and Design for Medical Technology, which originated and are still run by Dr Huang and Dr Keatch in Mechanical Engineering, as part of the original IMSaT concept.

Professor Melzer has contributed to teaching links with Chinese universities, through visits, guest teaching and hosting of visitors, all at no expense to central university funds. Professor Melzer has also held seminars at various universities world-wide including UCLA, MDAnderson, Stanford, Harvard Medical School, and the Universities of Brno, Trondheim, Lübeck, Magdeburg, Vienna, Bucharest, TelAviv, and Torino in a successful approach to attract talented researchers and establish collaborations, and Prof. Cochran and Prof. Cuschieri have also been active in this way internationally.

Each year, IMSaT hosts a significant number of pre-PhD student projects. At undergraduate level, these are typically Chinese “3+1+1” students from a range of disciplines who take their first three years in China then their final undergraduate year in Dundee, usually followed by a 1-year MSc also in Dundee. At Masters Level, students undertake their MSc project from April – September or April – December according to their particular registration arrangements. IMSaT is a popular host organisation for these projects and has benefitted from many projects, including through recruitment of PhD students to follow from MSc projects.


B. Gerold, P. Glynne-Jones, C. McDougall, D. McGloin, S. Cochran, A. Melzer and P. Prentice. “Directed jetting from collapsing cavities exposed to focused ultrasound” Appl Phys Lett 100(2) 024104 (2012)

Gueorguieva M. J., Desmond Teck Beng Yeo, Roos Eisma and Melzer A. MR Imaging of Thiel embalmed human cadavers (Abstract). 20th Annual meeting ISMRM (2012)

Melzer A, et al “MR guided Interventions and Surgery”. In Kramme, Rüdiger; Hoffmann, Klaus-Peter; Pozos, Robert Steven (Eds.) Springer Handbook of Medical Technology, pp 477- 501 (2011).

Schaefers G, Melzer A “Devices and Materials in MRI”. In Kramme, Rüdiger; Hoffmann, Klaus-Peter; Pozos, Robert Steven (Eds.) Springer Handbook of Medical Technology, pp 503-521 (2011).

Immel E, Toomey R.J, Gueorguieva M, Eisma R, Melzer A “Implantation of a resonant vena cava filter in a Thiel-embalmed cadaver under MRI guidance”. CIRSE 2011, abstract book, p 355, 2106.6 (2011).

Kraemer NA, Immel E, Donker HC, Melzer A, Ocklenburg C, Guenther RW, Buecker A, Krombach GA, Spuentrup E “Evaluation of an active vena cava filter for MR imaging in a swine model”. Radiology, 258(2):446-5 (2011).

Zangos S, Melzer A, Eichler K, Sadighi C, Thalhammer A, Bodelle B, Wolf R, Gruber-Rouh T, Proschek D, Hammerstingl R, Müller C, Mack MG, Vogl TJ “MR-compatible Assistance System for Biopsy in a High-Field-Strength System: Initial Results in Patients with Suspicious Prostate Lesions.” Radiology, 259(3):903-10. Epub Mar 1 (2011).

Arditti FD, Liu D, Xu D, Gourevich D, Medan Y, Gnaim J, Cochran S, Melzer A “Effect of Hyperthermia on the Cytotoxicity of Chemotherapeutic Drugs”. The Premier International and Multidisciplinary Meeting for Image-Guided Cancer Therapies, WCIO, 9-12 June, pp142-143 (2011).

Gerold B, Gourevich D, Xu D, Arditti FD, Prentice P, Cochran S, Gnaim J, Yoav M, Wang L and Melzer A. “Applicator for In-vitro Ultrasound-activated Targeted Drug Delivery”. 11th ISTU(The International Society for Therapeutic Ultrasound), New York City (2011).

Melzer A “Principles of MR-guided interventions, surgery, navigation, and robotics”. Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 53(8):768-75 (2010)

Gueorguieva M. J., Immel E, Eisma R, and Melzer A. Improvement of MR Imaging of Thiel Embalmed Human Cadavers (Abstract). Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies, MITAT, Vol. 19, Supplement 1: 40-41 (2010)

Melzer A, Stoeckel D “Function and Performance of Nitinol Vascular Implants”. Open Medical Devices Journal Vol 2 (2010). []

Nabi G, Goodman C, Melzer A “High intensity focused ultrasound treatment of small renal masses: Clinical effectiveness and technological advances”. Indian J Urol. 26(3):331-7 (2010).

Chen S, Wang L, Duce S L, Brown S, Lee S, Melzer A, Cuschieri A, Andre P “Engineering Biocompatible Nanoparticles for In Vivo Imaging Applications” J Am Chem Soc, 132 (42) 15022 – 15029 (2010).

Melzer A, Wittenberg T “NOTES: Technologies and Applications today and tomorrow”. Minimally Invasive Therapy 19 (5) 251 (2010).

Fernández-Gutiérrez F, Toomey RJ, Thompson A, Melzer A. Concept of Multimodality Image Guided Diagnostic and Therapy for Cancer. 22nd Conference of the Society for Medical Innovation and Technology, SMIT 2010, Trondheim, Norway.

Immel E, Fernández-Gutiérrez F, Eisma R, Houston G, Melzer A. Inductively coupled MR visualization of stents in a soft embalmed Human cadaver model. 22nd Conference of the Society for Medical Innovation and Technology, SMIT 2010, Trondheim, Norway.

Immel E, Eisma R, Gueorguieva M, Fernandez-Gutierrez F, Houston G, Melzer A “Comparison of X-Ray and MRI guided Implantation of a Resonant Balloon Expandable Stent in a Thiel Embalmed Cadaver”. (Abstract). Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies, MITAT, Vol. 19, Supplement 1: 22-23 (2010).

Immel E, Eisma R, Gueorguieva M, Fernandez F, Houston G, Melzer A “MRI guided Implantation of a Resonant Vena Cava Filter in a Thiel Embalmed Cadaver”. (Abstract) Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies, MITAT, Vol. 19, Supplement 1: 50-51(2010).

Långström B, Grahnen A, Honoré PH, Borlak J, Bergstrom M, Nielsen B, Vanderheyden J, Watanabe Y, Josephsson R, Høilund-Carlsen PF, Schwaiger M, Larson SM, Goldenberg DM, Melzer A, Engler H, Hicks R, Sundin A, Seppänen M, Hedenstierna G, Nordberg A, Brooks D “The risk of exaggerated risk aversion-a life and death struggle for molecular imaging”. Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging; 36(10):1693-4 (2009).

Immel E, Gilbert FJ, Melzer A “2007 Experimental MRI visible resonant prosthetic heart valves”. Minimally Invasive Therapy Allied Technol; 18(3):149-55 (2009).

Immel E, Kraemer N, Ocklenburg C, Krombach GA, Melzer A, Spuentrup E “MRI guided delivery and retrieval of a resonant vena cava filter in a porcine animal model”. Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine, Volume 22, Supplement 1, Page 168 (2009).

Immel E, Gilbert F., Melzer A., Resonant prosthetic heart valves for improved MR visualization and MRI guided implantation in an ex vivo model, 384Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine, October, 2009, Volume 22, Supplement 1, Page

Immel E; Gilbert FJ, Melzer A., ExperimentalMRIvisible resonant prosthetic heart valves, MITAT, Volume18, Issue 3 2009 , pages 149 – 155

Kettenbach J, Melzer A, et al “Navigation and Robotics”. Computer assisted Radiology, Springer Heidelberg New York (2008)

Melzer A “Technology in the operating theatre of the future: Integration of imaging methods in the image guided surgery” Zentralblatt Fur Chirurgie, 133 (3) 197-200 (2008).

Melzer A, Hescheler J “Minimally Invasive Stem Cell Therapy” Minimally Invasive Therapy and Allied Technologies MITAT 17 (1) 3-4 (2008).

Melzer A, Gutmann B, Remmele T, Wolf R, Lukoscheck A, Bock M, Bardenheuer H, Fischer H “INNOMOTION for percutaneous image-guided interventions”. IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Magazine 27 (3) 66-73 (2008).

Melzer A “Robotics for Interventional Procedure: MR guided robotic intervention”. Views Radiology 9 (1) (2007).

Melzer A “Translational research for interventional MR and MR visualisation of vascular implants”. Interventional Cardiology Review, Touch Briefings 21–23 (2007).

Immel E, Melzer A “Improved visualization of inductive coupled MR resonant self- expandable and balloon expandable stents”. 88th Deutscher Roentgenkongress, RoFo, s278, Band 179 (2007).

Melzer A, Immel E, Michitsch St, Konak S, Bremer P “VaskulaereImplantate mit resonantem Schwingkreis zur induktiven Kopplung in der MR Bildgebung – Vena Cava Filter, Stents, Okkluder und Herzklappenprothesen”. 88th Deutscher Roentgenkongress, RoFo s201, Band 179, (2007).

Melzer A “Image-guided robotics and navigation”. Minimally Invasive Therapy and Allied Technologies, 16 (4) 194-195 (2007).

Immel E, Naber CK, Quick HH, Breuckmann F, Daumgart D, Aker S, Kaiser GM, Thonak K, Melzer A ”Resonant balloon expandable stent designed for the improved visualization and implantation in MRI”. American Journal of Cardiology 100 (8A) 14L-14L (2007).

Immel E, Melzer A, Thonak C ”Self-expanding stents designed for the improved visualization and implantation in MRI”. American Journal of Cardiology 100 (8A) 85L-85L (2007).

Schoenwald G, Melzer A, Schaefers G “Testing procedure for lumen quantification of in-stent restenosis using magnetic resonance imaging”. Journal of Neurology 254 89-89 (2007).

Naber CK, Breuckmann F, Immel E, Kaiser G, Aker S, Melzer A, Eggebrecht H, Philipp S, Kordish I, Erbel R, Quick HH “30-day results of a novel, balloon expandable endovascular stent with an integrated resonance circuit for active visualization in MRI in a porcine model”. Journal of American College Cardiology 49 (9) 172A-172A (2007).

Melzer A, Lukoschek A, Wolf R, Remmele T, Gutman B, Gutman S, Lorenz G, Bremer P “Entwicklung and erste klinische Erfahrung mit einem MR/CT tauglichen robotischen”. Assistenzsystem Innomotion ISSN 1433-5972 (2007).

Immel E, Melzer A, “Improved visualization of inductively coupled MR resonant self-expandable and balloon expandable stents”. Fortschr Roentgenstr 179 S1-S234 Georg Thieme, Stuttgart-New York ISSN 1433-597 (2007).

Immel E, Spillner A, Melzer A “Improvement of MR visualization of prosthetic heart valves”. Joint Annual Meeting ISMRM-ESMRMB, Berlin, Germany, 19th–25th May. Proceedings 366 (2007).

Melzer A, Lukoschek A, Wolf R, Lorenz G “Development of the first clinical use of the MR compatible robotic system: Innomotion” . Joint Annual Meeting ISMRM-ESMRMB, Berlin, Germany 19th-25th May. Proceedings 367 (2007).