Homo Sapiens known today as 'modern humans' are not the only human species that have walked on the face of the earth. It is intriguing to think that the world was once a kind of 'Middle-Earth-world' with different kinds of intelligent hominids that we have come to know today just because of their fossilised remains. Homo Neanderthalensis or Neanderthal humans, as they are commonly known, are our closest extinct relatives who lived between 400,000 - 40,000 years ago. But in a way, part of them still lives with us today as every human, excluding some African populations, carries between 1-3% of Neanderthal DNA. Would it not be fascinating to see one such prehistoric relative of our species before our very eyes? This work aims to portray as realistically as possible, by means of Craniofacial Reconstruction, the very first recognised Neanderthal who was discovered in 1856 in the Neander Valley, in Germany. For the completion of this project, both traditional (manual) and digital methods have been used. I hope you enjoy coming face to face with your ancient past.