Mark Watke

Forensic Art & Facial Imaging MSc

I produced 1000+ anatomical drawings using only one line, in graphite, without erasing, or using photographic or anatomical reference.


portrait image of Mark Watke

The results obtained from a questionnaire involving 110 participants suggested that the use of measurements of muscles, fat, etc improved craniofacial reconstruction accuracy, and overall that the use of anatomical data increases likelihood of successful identification.

This project focused on sourcing pre-existing anatomical data to produce "accurate" 3D models of anatomical components for use in craniofacial reconstruction. The research project investigated the efficacy of incorporating these elements for craniofacial reconstruction without prior knowledge of the antemortem image of the individual. 

The research design involved the use of a comparative survey where participants were obtained through social media advertisements. The likenesses of the two reconstructions were compared to an antemortem image of the individual that had been reconstructed by the two craniofacial procedures through a questionnaire.

Results from the perceptual study

A graph showing the results from the survey. 49 people voted for Reconstruction A on the first day, and 8 people voted for Reconstruction B.

Pie charts of survey results by feature

Pie charts of survey results by feature. Contains images of each feature and the corresponding percentage. 55.5% for Eyes A. 38.2% for Eyes B. 9.1% for Face Shape B. 79.1% for Face Shape A. 15.7% for Nose B. 80.7% for Nose A. 27.3% for Mouth A. 57.3% for Mouth B. 10.9% for Reconstruction B. 82.7% for Reconstruction A.

The references for the model dimensions used in Method A

An image of an ecorche that lists the 89 references based on region.

An image showing the different tests performed for the project

An image showing the different tests performed for the project for the mouth.

The references used for the different muscles

The references used for the different muscles. An image of an ecorche.

Method A and B