The European Union and the Legal Protection of Marine Biodiversity in the Arctic

This project (EuroArcticLaB) will establish what powers the European Union (EU) has to pursue its stated objective of protecting marine biological diversity (biodiversity) in the Arctic (COM (2008)763 final; JOIN (2012) 19 final).

Marine Biodiversity in the Arctic

The project will establish how the EU can best use these powers to help generate an effective legal system for the protection of marine biodiversity in the Arctic. The completion of this project will contribute to the preservation of Arctic marine biodiversity for its intrinsic worth and also for the many ecosystem services it provides including supporting sustainable fisheries as well as leaving the resources in place for future scientific study and potential use in pharmaceuticals and other industries.

  • Funding Body: Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship for Career Development (FP7-PEOPLE-2012-IEF), European Union
  • Marie Curie Fellow: Dr. Nengye Liu
  • Scientist in Charge: Ms. Elizabeth Kirk, Senior Lecturer
  • Advisory Panel: Prof. Timo Koivurova (Arctic Centre, University of Lapland), Prof. Frithjof Kuepper (Chair in Marine Biodiversity, University of Aberdeen), Prof. Anthony Lang (School of International Relations, University of St. Andrews), Dr. Elisa Morgera (School of Law, University of Edinburgh), Marten Koopmans (European Maritime Safety Agency Representative to International Maritime Organization)
  • Host Institution: School of Law, University of Dundee
  • Duration: September 2013 – August 2015

Publications

Policy Brief

Journal Articles

  • 2015, Nengye Liu, The European Union's Potential Contribution to Enhanced Governance of Offshore Oil and Gas Operations in the Arctic, Review of European, Comparative and International Environmental Law 24 (2) (DOI: 10.1111/reel.12111)
  • 2015, Nengye Liu, Elizabeth Kirk, The European Union’s Potential Contribution to Protect Marine Biodiversity in the Changing Arctic: a Roadmap, International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 30 (2) 255-284

Book Reviews

  • Nengye Liu, Law of the Sea and the Polar Regions: Interactions Between Global and Regional Regimes, edited by Erik J. Molenaar, Alex G. Oude Elferink and Donald Rothwell, Martinus Nijhoff, 2013, Asian Journal of International Law 5 (1) 214-215
  • Nengye Liu, Introduction to International Environmental Law, by Timo Koivurova, Routledge, 2014, Review of European Comparative and International Environmental Law 23 (2) (2014), 281-282

Presentations

  • Nengye Liu, “The Brussels Effect and Arctic Fisheries”, The European Union and the Arctic Conference, University of Dundee, Dundee, United Kingdom, 29 – 30 May 2015
  • Nengye Liu, “Towards an Enhanced Governance of Arctic Marine Fisheries, the Role of the European Union”, Arctic Biodiversity Congress, Arctic Council, Trondheim, Norway, 2 – 4 December 2014
  • Nengye Liu, “The European Union and Governance of Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas Operations”, School of Law, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, UK, 13 November 2014
  • Nengye Liu, “The European Union’s Potential Contribution to Enhanced Governance of Arctic Fisheries”, 7th Polar Law Symposium, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, 29 – 31 October 2014
  • Nengye Liu, “Protection of the Arctic from Offshore Oil and Gas Operations - The European Union’s Potential Contribution”, Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security (ANCORS), University of Wollongong, Wollongong, Australia, 27 October 2014
  • Nengye Liu, “The European Union and an Enhanced Governance of Offshore Oil and Gas Operations in the Changing Arctic”, Conference on the Legal Issues Associated with the Development and Use of Energy Resources in the Arctic, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway, 25 – 26 September 2014
  • Nengye Liu, “Towards an Enhanced Governance of Arctic Fisheries, Can the European Union Help?”, 3rd International Marine Conservation Congress, Glasgow, United Kingdom, 14 – 18 August 2014
  • Nengye Liu, “An Enhanced Regime for Offshore Oil and Gas Operations in the Arctic - How can the European Union have an Impact?”, 12th Annual Colloquium of the IUCN Academy of Environmental Law: Energy for a Fair Society on a Safe Planet, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain, 30 June – 5 July 2014
  • Nengye Liu, “The European Union and Protection of Arctic Marine Biodiversity”, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland, 28 May 2014
  • Nengye Liu, “The European Union and Arctic Shipping”, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland, 26 May 2014
  • Nengye Liu, “International Law for the Protection of Marine Biodiversity in the Changing Arctic: Challenges and Prospects from a EU Perspective”, International Law Association British Branch Spring Conference: Foundations and Future of International Law, King’s College London, London, United Kingdom, 23 – 24 May 2014
  • Nengye Liu, “The European Union and International Law for the Protection of Marine Biodiversity in the Changing Arctic”, Faculty of Law, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, 22 May 2014
  • Nengye Liu, “The European Union and International Law on the Protection of Marine Biodiversity in the Arctic”, Staff Seminar, School of Law, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK, 12 February 2014
  • Nengye Liu, “The European Union, China and the Governance of Arctic Shipping, A Comparative Study”, 6th Polar Law Symposium, University of Akureyri, Akureyri and Reykjavik, Iceland, 11 – 14 Oct 2013

Other Research Activities (Selected)

Research Visit

  • Visiting Scholar, Scott Polar Research Institute, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK, July - August 2015
  • Visiting Scholar, Faculty of Law, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada, March 2015
  • Visiting Scholar, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, Rovaniemi, Finland, 25 May – 3 June 2014 (co-funded by European Cooperation in Science and Technology)

Conference Participation

  • Sponsored Participant, Stakeholder Consultation Conference: What Next for EU Arctic Policy? Brussels, European External Action Service and European Commission, 1 – 2 June 2015
  • Workshop on Linking Global and Regional Levels in the Management of Marine Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction, FAO, Rome, Italy, 18 February 2015
  • Arctic Summer College, Ecologic Institute, Germany, 23 June – 25 Aug 2014
  • “Evolution of the International Biodiversity Regime”, by Convention on Biological Diversity head Braulio Dias, Edinburgh Law School, UK, 10 June 2014
  • 2nd Contemporary Challenges of International Environmental Law Conference, University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia, 5 – 7 June 2014
  • Calotte Academy 2014, Rovaniemi, Finland, 2 June 2014
  • Law of the Sea in the 21st Century, Stalemate or Flexibility to Address New Challenges, University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany, 7 – 9 March 2014
  • The European Union’s External Action in Times of Crisis, University of Granada, Granada, Spain, 28 – 29 November 2013
  • Workshop Regional Strategies to Maritime Security: a Comparative Perspective, University of Cordoba, Cordoba, Spain, 27 November 2013
  • 1st Arctic Circle Assembly, Reykjavik, Iceland, 12 – 14 October 2013

Training

  • Social Research Association Training Course: Analysis of Qualitative Data, Designing a Qualitative Study, Qualitative Data Collection: Interviewing, London and Edinburgh, UK, 2014
  • Organizational and Professional Development Training Courses: Basic Word and Excel Functions, Mind Mapping Using MindView4Business, Engaging the Public with Your Research, Advanced Excel, University of Dundee, UK, 2013 – 2014

Public Engagement

  • International Conference on the European Union and the Arctic, 29-30 May 2015, Dundee, United Kingdom
  • Engage St Fergus Primary School – The Sea We Want, 20 June 2014
  • Workshop “The Sea We Want”, Engage Dundee Primary Schools, College of Arts and Social Science, University of Dundee, 6 May 2014

Presentations from the 2015 EU-Arctic Conference

Alyson Bailes Kári Fannar Lárusson
Anatole Boute & Daria Shapovalova Mar Campins Eritja
Andrew Serdy Marten Koopmans
Beverley Gibbs Martin Hennig
Claudia Cinelli Mary Durfee
Daniel Simons Michał Luszczuk
Fiammetta Borgia Nengye Liu
Frithjof C. Küpper Robin Warner
Helga Haflidadottir Timo Koivurova & Adam Stepien
Henning Jessen Tina Hunter
Jaime Reynolds Zhen Sun
Joseph DiMento  

 

Want to know more about this project?

Academic involved:
Ms.Elizabeth Kirk
Email:
n.x.liu@dundee.ac.uk