Skip to main content


Christopher Lim

Christopher Lim Dip MechEng, BEng (Hons), PhD, FRSA


Tel: 01382 381254
Room 015, Level 7, Matthew Building, DJCAD,
13 Perth Road, Dundee, DD1 4HT


Chris is a lecturer (assistant professor) in product design and interaction design at the Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art and Design, University of Dundee. He has a diploma in Mechanical Engineering from Ngee Ann Polytechnic (Singapore) and holds a BEng (1st Class Hons) in Product Design Engineering and PhD in Inclusive Design from the University of Glasgow and Glasgow School of Art.

Chris worked as a research lead and designer at design consultancy Nomad-RDC working with various collaborators which includes Vitra, Page\Park and WilkisonEyre. Returning to academia, he was a research fellow at the Digital World Research Centre (University of Surrey), working in a cross-disciplinary project funded by the ESRC New Dynamics of Ageing programme looking at the engagement of older people in the co-design process of developing novel and innovative ICT products. He was involved in the development of Com.Cam, an open source media sharing device funded by EPSRC University of Surrey Knowledge Transfer Account for communities with low textual and computing literacy and limited power and network coverage. During his fellowship, he co-secured £73K from the Nominet Trust to fund the Tailoring Technology project which brought together groups of older people with design experts, experienced product developers and manufacturers to co-design new internet-enabled ICT devices and services.

Chris’s research interests are in the area of design for the aging population, co-design practice and digital fabrication. He is interested in the design of inclusive products that support wellbeing as well as the exploration of the relationship between interface design, product interaction, cognitive ageing and prior generational technological experience. He welcomes discussions and/or research collaborations in these areas (directly or tangentially).

Chris is currently working on a number of projects:

He is Co-Investigator in an EPSRC funded BESiDE (Built Environment for Social Inclusion through the Digital Economy) project ( led by Professor Vicki Hanson. The project aims to improve the mobility and well-being of older people through better built environment design. His strand in this project involves the exploration of co-designing wearables with care home residents. (Funding amount: £1.3 million)

Chris is Joint-PI in a SICSA funded (£5000) challenge called VIVID (Visually-Impaired access to Visualised Data). The project seeks to understand the challenges that data visualisations present to people with visual impairment. (Funding amount: £5000)


Projects he has worked in the past includes:


A project funded by Scottish Funding Council (SFC) to explore the technical feasibility of 3D printed personalised home adaptive equipment. The project was in collaboration with social enterprise Home Straight who provides Ageing-in-place services. Outcomes included a case study for Innovation Portal Dundee and an Exhibition at DJCAD. (Principal Investigator. Funding amount: £5000)


The ADHD Behavioural Clinical Data project where our work package explored the documentation and visualization process of ADHD clinicians and support workers. This resulted in the redesign of the existing clinical data documentation and is currently undergoing phased trial. An App version is also being explored. This project was in collaboration with Dr David Coghill, Dr Sarah Seth, Ewan Steel and Lilia Gomez. (Co-Investigator. Funding amount: £10000)

Chris has been a PhD examiner at Loughborough University and is a supervisor to several PhD candidates. They are:

Sara Nevay who is exploring co-design and e-textiles in preventing loneliness in older adults with a focus on re-connecting or sustaining social interactivity. (Funder: EPSRC DTA)

Kathy Childs who is investigating digital symbiosis in relation to aesthetics and creation of stimulus-reactive jewellery with smart materials and microelectronics. (Funder: AHRC)

Karen-Ann Dicken who explores the 3D printing of tool and its integration with hand fabrication to democratise manufacturing material goods in the home.
 (Funder: EPSRC DTA)

He welcomes conversations with individuals who are thinking of pursuing a PhD.

Selected publications

Refereed Journal Papers

Book or Screen, Pen or keyboard? A cross-cultural sociological analysis of writing and reading habits basing on Germany, Italy and the UK.

Farinosi M., Lim C, and Roll J. 2015, Telematics and Informatics, vol. 33 (2), 410-421 

Keep, lose, change: Prompts for the re-design of product concepts in a focus group setting.
Frohlich D.M., Lim C.S.C and Ahmed A. 2014,
Journal of CoDesign, Vol. 10, No.3,

Designing inclusive ICT products for older users: taking into account the technology generation effect.
Lim, C.S.C., 2010.
Journal of Engineering Design, Vol. 21, Issue 2, 189-206.

Refereed Conference papers

The role of co-design in wearable adoption for mobility study. Nevay, S, and Lim, C.SC, 2015. Ergonomics and Human Factors 2015, 13-16 April 2015, UK

Co-designing interactive TV concepts and contents with older people.
Lim C.S.C., Frohlich D.M and Ahmed A. 2013, Proceedings of TVUX-2013: Workshop on Exploring and Enhancing the User Experience for TV at ACM CHI 2013, 27 April 2013, Paris, France.

The challenge of designing for diversity in older users.
Lim C.S.C., Frohlich D.M and Amr A. 2012, Gerontechnology 11(2), 297.

Supporting memory and identity in older people: Findings from a `sandpit' process.
Lim C.S.C., Frohlich D.M and Ahmed A., 2011.
Proceedings of Include 2011, 18-20 April 2011. London. UK.

Designing a Custom Computer for Older People through Innovation Sandpits. (Won Best Poster Award)
Frohlich D.M., Woods S., Lim C.S.C and Ahmed A., 2010.
British Society of Gerontology Scotland Conference Involving Older People: Meanings and Methods; 14 June 2010, University of Stirling, UK.

Developing inclusive and user-centred design methods and tools for ageing populations
Macdonald A.S., Loudon D., Lim C.S.C., 2008. Gerontechnology, 7(2),
158. doi:10.4017/gt.2008.

Designing acceptable and effective ICT products for older users. Lim C.S.C., and Macdonald S.A., 2007.
36th Annual Conference of The British Society of Gerontology, 68 September 2007, Sheffield, UK, Abstract OP10.

An inclusive aesthetic model for aging societies. Macdonald S.A., and Lim C.S.C., 2006.
Proceedings of 2nd International Conference for Universal Design 2006, 22-26 October 2006, Kyoto, Japan, Abstract O149.

A visual inclusive design tool for bridging eras, technologies and generations.
Lim, C.S.C. and Macdonald A.S., 2005.
in P. Rodgers, L. Brodhurst, and D. Hepburn, eds. Crossing Design Boundaries. Proceedings of the 3rd Engineering & Product Design Education. London: Taylor and Francis, 2005, 521-525.

Books and Chapters

User Sensitive Inclusive Design for Technology in Everyday Life (Forthcoming in Summer/Autumn 2016). Lim C.S.C. and Newell A. To be published by Springer

Looking back, Looking forward: Interface, interactions and reactions from different technology generations.
Lim C.S.C. 2012.
in E. Pei and S.Bhatia, eds. Design For All. Design for All Institute of India, 7(7)

What older people want: A catalogue of co-designed ICT Concepts.
Frohlich D.M., Lim C.S.C., Woods S and Ahmed A. 2012, Guildford: Digital World Research Centre. ISBN: 978-1-84469-0251

User centric and inclusive design methods: implications for e-healthcare.
Macdonald A.S., D. Loudon and Lim, C.S.C., 2010.
In W. Pease, M. Cooper, and R. Gururajan, eds. Biomedical Knowledge Management: Infrastructure and Processes for EHealth Systems, IGI Global.