Raphael Heffron is Professor for Global Energy Law & Sustainability at the Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy at the University of Dundee. His work is international and combines a mix of energy law, policy and economics – including interdisciplinary energy research, EU and US energy law and policy. He has published over 100 publications of different types. Professor Heffron’s research all has a principle focus on achieveing a just transition to a low-carbon economy. His research has been cited over 500 times in the last four years.
Raphael’s research has involved funding from UK national research councils (the ESRC, and the EPSRC), the EU (in a Horizon 2020 project) and currently through the European Commission Jean Monnet Chair 2016-2019. He has acted as a consultant for the World Bank and various policy organisations in the EU. Raphael is on the Editorial Board of the International Energy Law Review and is also Consulting Editor of the Halsbury’s Laws of England volumes on Energy Law.
Raphael is currently the Co-Chair of the UK Energy Law and Policy Association; Visiting Professor in Energy Law at the International Hellenic University (Greece); and an Associate Researcher at the Energy Policy Research Group at the University of Cambridge. He is currently a Visiting Professor at Paris-Dauphine University (Paris, France) this year (2018).
Raphael read for his PhD at Trinity Hall, University of Cambridge. He is also a trained Barrister-at-Law and was called to the Bar in July 2007 in the Republic of Ireland. He holds degrees from the University of Cambridge (MPhil, PhD), the University of St. Andrews (MLitt), and Trinity College Dublin (BA, MA).
Formerly, Raphael was formerly the Jean Monnet Professor (awarded by the European Commission) in Energy and Natural Resources Law & Policy at the Centre for Commercial Law Studies at Queen Mary University of London. Raphael held permanent lectureships at the Queen Mary University of London (Senior), University of Leeds and the University of Stirling (Scotland) where he was also the Programme Director for the LLM in International Energy Law and Policy. In the past he has held visiting positions at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, MA, USA (Visiting Student), The University of Texas at Austin, TX, USA (Visiting Scholar), and the British Institute for International and Comparative Law (Visiting Research Fellow). At the University of Cambridge, Raphael was a Teaching Fellow at the Faculty of Economics and also a Research Assistant at the Department of Engineering.
Co-Chair UK Energy Law and Policy Association
Scientific Committee European Federation of Energy Law Associations.
Policy Fellow Policy Fellows Network, Centre for Science and Policy, University of Cambridge, UK
Associate Researcher Energy Policy Research Group, University of Cambridge, UK
Associate Fellow Centre for Integrated Energy Research, University of Leeds, UK
Visiting Professor Energy Law, International Hellenic University (Thessaloniki,Greece)
Visiting Professor Energy Law,Université Paris-Dauphine(Paris, France – April 2018)
Guest Lecturer ESCP Business School, London & Paris (2015-18)
Apr 2017 ESCP MBA Energy Management Masters (ESCP Business School)
Apr 2018 Keynote Speaker: Expert workshop at the Qatar Foundation and the Hamad Bin Khalifa University (HBKU).
Mar 2018 Keynote Speaker: Renewable Energy Futures – European Student Law Association Energy Law Conference (2 day conference).
Jan 2018 Keynote Speaker: Climate Justice – Rovira i Virgili University (URV), Taragona, Catalan, Spain (2 day Conference)
Nov 2017 Masters in Sustainable Development (Guest Lecturer)
Department of Geography and Sustainable Development, University of St. Andrews.
Sep 2017 ESCP MBA Executive Masters (ESCP Business School – London/Paris).
July 2017 Keynote Speaker: Energy Justice & Africa – University of Essex, UK (2 day Conference)
June 2017 Invited Speaker: Energy Justice - OFGEM, London, UK
May 2017 Invited Speaker: Energy & Brexit – EDF (Headoffice), UK
May 2017 Invited Speaker: Nuclear & Brexit - Open, Birminigham & Buckingham Universities
May 2017 Invited Speaker: Dundee 40th Year Energy Law Celebration, Unviersity of Dundee
Apr 2017 Invited Speaker (Guest Lecturer): Energy Justice, Rovira i Virgili University (URV), Taragona, Catalan, Spain
Apr 2017 Invited Speaker: Energy & Brexit, Public Environmental Lawyers Association, London, UK
Mar 2017 Invited Speaker: Workshop on International Energy Law, Liverpool Hope University, UK
Feb 2017 ESCP MBA Executive Masters (ESCP Business School – London/Paris).
Jan 2017 Invited Speaker: UK Carbon Capture Storage Research Centre, London, UK
Nov 2016 Invited Speaker: Italian Energy Law Association Annual Conference, Milan, Italy
Oct 2016 Invited Speaker: Centre for Environment, Energy and Natural Resource Governance. University of Cambridge, UK
Selection of Other Talks & Presentations
Apr 2018 16th Annual Conference for Environmental Professionals: Law and the Environment. Faculty of Law, University College Cork, Ireland.
June 2017 International Energy Justice Retreat:
University of St. Andrews, UK
Apr 2017 EU CCS Stakeholder Meeting
TNO – ROAD, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Apr 2017 15th Annual Conference for Environmental Professionals: Law and the Environment 2013
Faculty of Law, University College Cork: April 27th
Apr 2017 Royal Society of Edinburgh Conference: ‘Arts and Humanities on Climate chagne’
University of Stirling, Scotland, UK
Apr 2017 Energy Research and Social Science 2017 Conference, Elsevier – Sitges, Spain http://www.erssconference.com/
Mar 2017 Energy Transitions Conference 2017
University of Eastern Finland, Finland
International Energy Law and Policy (inc. Mining Law, Energy Economics, Low-Carbon Energy Law, US Energy Law, Energy Ethics, and Decommissioning & Project Finance); Sustainability; Environmental & Climate Change Policy & Law; Land Law; Tort; and General Commerical Law.
'Just transition: Integrating climate, energy and environmental justice' Energy Policy, vol 119, pp. 1-7. DOI:
'Energy law for decommissioning in the energy sector in the 21st century' Journal of World Energy Law & Business. DOI:
'Legal strategies for the mitigation of risk for energy infrastructure projects' Journal of Energy and Natural Resources Law. DOI:
'Public Brainpower: Civil Society and Natural Resource Management' Energy Research and Social Science, vol 38, pp. 127-127. DOI:
Mining Disputes. in M Scherer (ed.), International Arbitration in the Energy Sector. Oxford University Press.
'Ownership, risk and the law for a CO2 transport network for carbon capture and storage in the European Union' Journal of Energy and Natural Resources Law. DOI:
'A treatise for energy law' Journal of World Energy Law & Business, vol 11, no. 1, pp. 34-48. DOI:
'What is the ‘Just Transition’?' Geoforum, vol 88, pp. 74-77. DOI:
'Nuclear Non-Proliferation in International Law (Volume III) Legal Aspects of the Use of Nuclear Energy for Peaceful Purposes' International Energy Law Review , vol 1, pp. 27-28.
'Three layers of energy law for examining CO2 transport for carbon-capture and storage' Journal of World Energy Law & Business, vol 11, no. 2, jwx035, pp. 93-115. DOI:
'The global future of energy law: 2017 review' International Energy Law Review , vol 8, pp. 291-302.
'Compensating for severe nuclear accidents: An expert elucidation' Process Safety and Environmental Protection, vol 112, no. Part A, pp. 131-142. DOI:
'The concept of energy justice across the disciplines' Energy Policy, vol 105, pp. 658-667. DOI:
'Arbitration of International Mining Disputes: Law and Practice, 1st edition' Journal of International Arbitration, vol 34, no. 4, pp. 743-746.
'Environmental Law in Scotland' Scottish Planning and Environmental Law, vol 184, pp. 146-147.
Legal Aspects of EU Energy Regulation. 2 edn, Oxford University Press.
'A review of energy law education in the UK' Journal of World Energy Law & Business, vol 9, no. 5, pp. 346-356. DOI:
'The evolution of energy law and energy jurisprudence: Insights for energy analysts and researchers' Energy Research and Social Science, vol 19, pp. 1-10. DOI:
'Book Review: Global Energy Justice: Law and Policy by L. Guruswamy' Energy Research and Social Science, vol 19, pp. 198-199. DOI:
'The global nuclear liability regime post Fukushima Daiichi' Progress in Nuclear Energy, vol 90, pp. 1-10. DOI:
'The development of energy law in the 21st century: a paradigm shift?' Journal of World Energy Law & Business, vol 9, no. 3, pp. 189-202. DOI:
'Energy justice in the Arctic: Implications for energy infrastructural development in the Arctic' Energy Research and Social Science, vol 16, pp. 141-146. DOI:
Delivering Energy Law and Policy in the EU and US: A Reader. Edinburgh University Press.
'Energy decisions reframed as justice and ethical concerns' Nature Energy, vol 1, 16024. DOI:
'Energy justice: A conceptual review' Energy Research and Social Science, vol 11, pp. 174-182. DOI:
'The global future of energy law' International Energy Law Review , vol 7, pp. 290-295.
Energy Law. Dublin, Ireland.
'Resolving society's energy trilemma through the Energy Justice Metric' Energy Policy, vol 87, pp. 168-176. DOI:
'Book Review: EU Energy Law and Policy: A Critical Account by Kim Talus' European Law Review, vol 40, no. 4, pp. 637-639.
'Book Review: EU Energy Law, Volume VIII: The Energy Infrastructure Policy of the European Union edited by Jean-Arnold Vinois' Modern Law Review, vol 78, no. 3, pp. 582-584. DOI:
Deconstructing Energy Law and Policy: The Case of Nuclear Energy . Edinburgh University Press.
Energy Law: An Introduction. Springer Briefs in Law, 1 edn, Springer . DOI:
'Turkey: renewable energy law and policy in Turkey' vol 6, no. 4, pp. 301-308.
'Rethinking the scope and necessity of energy subsidies in the United Kingdom' Energy Research and Social Science, vol 3, no. C, pp. 1-4. DOI:
'Achieving sustainable supply chains through energy justice' Applied Energy, vol 123, pp. 435-437. DOI:
'Choice of nuclear technology and legislative certainty for nuclear safety and liability in Turkey' Journal of World Energy Law & Business, vol 7, no. 3, pp. 274-281. DOI:
'Shale Gas: A Practitioner's Guide to Shale Gas and Other Unconventional Resources, Globe Law and Business' Journal of World Energy Law & Business, vol 7, no. 1, pp. 63-64. DOI:
'Procurement of Utilities: Law and Practice' Cambridge Law Journal, vol 73, no. 1, pp. 191-193. DOI:
'Leadership and policy delivery in regeneration practice in a time of austerity' Journal of Urban Regeneration and Renewal, vol 7, no. 3, pp. 243-250.
'Challenges to the Aarhus convention: Public participation in the energy planning process in the United Kingdom' Journal of Contemporary European Research, vol 10, no. 2, pp. 236-247.
'Risk and Energy Infrastructure: Cross-Border Dimensions' Construction Law Journal, vol 30, no. 1, pp. 67-69.
'EU Law and the Development of a Sustainable, Competitive and Secure Energy Policy: Opportunities and Shortcomings' International Energy Law Review , vol 1, pp. 43-44.
'Energy subsidy reporting: its creation and enforcement through International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)' European Company Law, vol 11, no. 2, pp. 133-136.
'Nuclear energy policy in the United States 1990-2010: A federal or state responsibility?' Energy Policy, vol 62, pp. 254-266. DOI:
'Policy delivery for low carbon energy infrastructure in the UK, april 5th 2013: Conference overview' Energy Policy, vol 61, pp. 1367-1369. DOI:
'A forgotten law and policy issue as independence looms: nuclear waste management in Scotland' Edinburgh Law Review, vol 17, no. 3, pp. 411-415. DOI:
'Nuclear new build in the United States 1990-2010: A three state analysis' Technological Forecasting and Social Change, vol 80, no. 5, pp. 876-892. DOI:
'The application of contrast explanation to energy policy research: UK nuclear energy policy 2002-2012' Energy Policy, vol 55, pp. 602-616. DOI:
'Advancing energy justice: the triumvirate of tenets' International Energy Law Review , vol 3, pp. 107-110.
'EU Energy Law' International Energy Law Review , vol 2, pp. 75-77.
'Accommodating energy law within environmental law: an Irish exploration' International Energy Law Review , vol 20, no. 2, pp. 56-64.
'Romanian nuclear new build: Progress amidst turbulence 1990-2010' Progress in Nuclear Energy, vol 56, pp. 43-60. DOI:
'Lessons from the United States: for legal change and delay in energy law in the United Kingdom' International Energy Law Review , vol 2, pp. 69-75.
'Striking a statutory balance: constant change in residential leases versus static change in commercial leases' Conveyancer and Property Lawyer, vol 76, no. 3, pp. 195-206.
'Improving Urban regeneration in the UK: Lessons from the developing world' Journal of Urban Regeneration and Renewal, vol 5, no. 1, pp. 65-74.
'The Rule of Law' vol 104, no. 8, pp. 49-50.