Introducing nuclear power in Uganda, what are the policy and legal issues?

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image Abstract:  Currently some sixty five countries without nuclear power plants are expressing interest in considering nuclear power with twenty one coming from Africa.  About fourteen of the sixty five countries have indicated a strong intention to proceed with introduction of nuclear power and ten have made a decision and are preparing infrastructure.Despite the Fukshima nuclear disaster, it has been noted that nuclear energy is a response to long-term trends, hence not easily abandoned or replaced.  The need for new sources of electricity to power economic growth persists, and the promise of nuclear in bolstering energy security and reducing carbon emissions makes it an appealing option for a medium term strategy in meeting the ever increasing electricity demand in the world.  As the world looks for a solution to the ever increasing demand for electricity, the question is not whether to go nuclear or not, but rather how nuclear can be introduced and utilised safely and securely.

Uganda has made a political commitment to introduce nuclear power in the national energy mix in the long term and some plans are underway to realise this dream.  This study has examined Uganda’s preparation process for her first nuclear power plant in terms of policy and legal issues on the nuclear safety, security, safeguards and liability.  It has further considered the flexibility that exists in terms of time and resources in attaining the government vision on power generation from nuclear energy.  The study concludes that before Uganda considers inviting bids for her first nuclear plant; government must put in place a policy and legal framework for nuclear power including a policy and Act on nuclear energy, accession to relevant international legal instruments and development of an Act on nuclear liability.

CEPMLP Reference Resource Collection

LLM 2012 (DS/2012/94)

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